throw

throw, cast, fling, hurl, pitch, toss, sling can all mean to cause to move swiftly forward, sideways, upward, or downward by a propulsive movement (as of the arm) or by means of a propelling instrument or agency.
Throw, the general word, is often interchangeable with the others; basically it implies a distinctive propelling motion of the bent arm and wrist, but in practice it is applicable in respect to almost any propulsive action
{

people who live in glass houses should not throw stones

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{

the fire engine throws a long stream of water

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this gun throws a huge shell

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{

threw off his coat

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{

the skeptic cannot throw his opponent if his own feet are in the air— Inge

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Cast is sometimes interchangeable with throw, but it typically is used when what is thrown is light
{

cast a net

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{

cast dice

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and is either directly aimed
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cast his line in angling

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or scattered more or less carefully
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cast seed

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or is thrown only in a figurative sense
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cast a black look

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Fling implies more violence and less control in propulsion than either of the preceding words; it often implies a force gained from strong emotion (as anger, contempt, or enthusiasm)
{

then he loathed his own beauty, and, flinging the mirror on the floor, crushed it into silver splinters beneath his heelWilde

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{

the opening pages irritated him ... in the end, in exasperation, he flung them aside— Malamud

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Hurl stresses driving and impetuous force that makes for speed and distance in throwing
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him the Almighty Power hurled headlong flaming from the ethereal sky— Milton

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Pitch sometimes means no more than to throw lightly or carelessly
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could take up a sack of grain and with ease pitch it over a packsaddle— Zane Grey

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when you get your new outfit, pitch out that dress— Ethel Wilson

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but distinctively it more than any of the preceding words stresses a sense of direction and a definite target in throwing
{

pitch horseshoes

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{

pitching hay onto the high load

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{

pitching matchbooks at a crack . . . was the favorite sport— James Jones

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possible . . . to run up to their enemy's lines and roll, bowl, or pitch their grenades among the legs of their opponents— Wintringham

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Toss implies light, careless, or more or less aimless throwing
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he . . . tossed me some pieces of money— Dickens

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{

she rested on a log and tossed the fresh chips— Frost

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{

toss a coin to decide who should go

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The term often also suggests a throwing to and fro or up and down
{

an hour's play in tossing a ball

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{

they . . . discussed a doubt and tossed it to and fro— Tennyson

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Sling suggests propelling with a sweeping or swinging motion, usually with force and suddenness
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grabbed the boy's collar and slung him against the wall

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Analogous words: drive, impel (see MOVE vb): propel, thrust, shove, *push: heave, raise, *lift, boost

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Throw — Throw, v. t. [imp. {Threw} (thr[udd]); p. p. {Thrown} (thr[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Throwing}.] [OE. [thorn]rowen, [thorn]rawen, to throw, to twist, AS. [thorn]r[=a]wan to twist, to whirl; akin to D. draaijen, G. drehen, OHG. dr[=a]jan, L. terebra …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throw — [θrəʊ ǁ θroʊ] verb threw PASTTENSE [θruː] thrown PASTPART [θrəʊn ǁ θroʊn] [transitive] 1. throw money at to try to solve a problem by spending a lot of money, without really thinking about the problem: • There is no point throwing money at the… …   Financial and business terms

  • throw — [thrō] vt. threw, thrown, throwing [ME throwen, to twist, wring, hurl < OE thrawan, to throw, twist, akin to Ger drehen, to twist, turn < IE base * ter , to rub, rub with turning motion, bore > THRASH, THREAD, Gr teirein, L terere, to… …   English World dictionary

  • throw — ► VERB (past threw; past part. thrown) 1) propel with force through the air by a rapid movement of the arm and hand. 2) move or put into place quickly, hurriedly, or roughly. 3) project, direct, or cast (light, an expression, etc.) in a… …   English terms dictionary

  • throw on — To put on hastily • • • Main Entry: ↑throw * * * ˌthrow ˈon [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they throw on he/she/it throws on …   Useful english dictionary

  • Throw — Throw, n. 1. The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the hand or an engine; a cast. [1913 Webster] He heaved a stone, and, rising to the throw, He sent it in a whirlwind at the foe. Addison. [1913 Webster] 2. A stroke; a blow …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throw — throw; over·throw·al; throw·er; throw·ster; ca ·throw; …   English syllables

  • throw up — {v.} 1. {informal} or {slang}[heave up]. To vomit. * /The heat made him feel sick and he thought he would throw up./ * /He took the medicine but threw it up a minute later./ 2. {informal} To quit; leave; let go; give up. * /When she broke their… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • throw up — {v.} 1. {informal} or {slang}[heave up]. To vomit. * /The heat made him feel sick and he thought he would throw up./ * /He took the medicine but threw it up a minute later./ 2. {informal} To quit; leave; let go; give up. * /When she broke their… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • Throw — Throw, v. i. To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast; specifically, to cast dice. [1913 Webster] {To throw about}, to cast about; to try expedients. [R.] [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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